Petroleum Engineering – A Basic Introduction


Petroleum Engineering is a technical field that addresses exploration of crude oil and natural gas reserves. It is a very diverse field and also very complex and is divided into several sub-sectors such as geological, reservoir drilling, production as well as construction. The area first start with the location of mines and determine the place and dig technology for maximum recovery. For this Petroleum engineering department works closely with geologists as well as geo physicists for complete evaluation and complete extraction process.

As stated, there are several fields of specialization in Petroleum Engineering where each department has their information. Reservoir engineers along with Petro physicists and geological engineers determine what kind of drilling operation that needs to be employed. They also evaluate production rate which includes barrels cubic feet of gas that can be buried today. Another important work of this department of petroleum engineering to assess production can be expected to form the reservoir.

Next is the role of drilling engineers who have responsibility for efficient penetration for maximum recovery of oil and natural gas. A steel casing is usually cemented in the lagoon. They also take care of fluid is constantly circulated through the drill pipe. Production engineer solve the question in other departments. Their job is to implement plans to complete the well and the best production of oil and natural gas. They see the erosion that has made the belt and carried inside the lagoon, with appropriate pump technology and storage facility. Petroleum engineers also need to work with civil engineers for the construction of offshore platforms. Some of the major reservoirs of oil in the world are located in the middle of the ocean and a very sturdy platform needs to be for proper processing.

Because oil is so scarce natural existing product and demand is too high and this leads to regular research to discover new oil fields as well. Petroleum engineers along with research groups take care of this research as well. Advanced computing is widely used in petroleum engineering; The graphics are used to determine the survey. Geological computing helps to determine the cross-section balancing, installation and modeling. A graphical model of the excavation is generated with the help of geophysical computing.

Petroleum Engineering is a complex technical area and it is reported to be the highest paid engineering field. The two main areas of this engineering field are oil exploration and production and, secondly, purification and distribution. Oil is the most important economic commodity in the world today and all the changes in oil prices reflected in almost all related sectors. After excavation oil is collected in containers where cleaning is carried out, and it is transported through pipelines to large chips ships and transported to different parts of the world. Every time refined oil goes and leaves the pipeline is checked and if there is a problem afterwards it is sent back to the reservoir.